Located on the south-eastern coast of the island, Syracuse has a thousand-year history: counted among the largest metropolises of the classical age] excelled for power and wealth with Athens, which tried in vain to subjugate it. It was the homeland of the mathematician Archimedes, who placed himself at the head of its defense during the siege of the Romans in 212 BC. Syracuse was for centuries the capital city of Sicily, until the conquest by the Arabs, which took place in 878.Transformed into a fortress in the Spanish era, its historic center, Ortigia, assumed its current Baroque appearance with the reconstruction undertaken following the violent earthquake of 1693. During the Second World War, in 1943, the armistice was signed south-west of Syracuse, in the Santa Teresa Longarini district, which sanctioned the cessation of hostilities between the Kingdom of Italy and the allied forces of the Anglo-Americans; Passed into history as the armistice of Cassibile.Characterized by huge historical, architectural and landscape riches, the city of Syracuse was declared by UNESCO in 2005, together with the Rock Necropolis of Pantalica, a World Heritage Site.


-fonte wikipedia